Preparation of metallic cobalt by reduction of the oxide



Publisher: Govt. Print. Bureau in Ottawa

Written in English
Published: Pages: 41 Downloads: 320
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Subjects:

  • Cobalt.,
  • Cobalt -- Oxidation.

Edition Notes

Statementby H.T. Kalmus ; assisted by C.W. Day, C. Harper, W.L. Savell, and R. Wilcox.
SeriesCIHM/ICMH Microfiche series = CIHM/ICMH collection de microfiches -- no. 82302, Researches on cobalt and cobalt alloys, conducted at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, for the Mines Branch of the Department of Mines -- pt. 1.
ContributionsCanada. Mines Branch.
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination1 microfiche (41 fr.)
Number of Pages41
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18736412M
ISBN 100665823029

cobalt definition: a hard, lustrous, steel-gray, ductile, metallic chemical element, found in various ores: it is used in the preparation of magnetic, wear-resistant, and high-strength alloys: its compounds are used in the production of inks, paints. sible to make carbothermic reduction economically viable. Table␣ V shows three candidate reactions involving a variety of feedstocks and carbothermic reduc-tants. Metallothermic reduction is also a possible route to metal. Also shown are reactions for the reduction of lithium oxide by silicon and aluminum. Some experimental data taken under. Broad peaks around eV were found in the Co 2p 3/2, which could be ascribed to the shake-up satellite of the cobalt ions, indicating that the metal oxide is cobalt(II) oxide rather than other cobalt oxides (Yang et al., ). In addition, as XPS is a surface sensitive detective technique, it is reasonable to infer that the absence of the. Grey cobalt(II) oxide (CoO) or black cobalt(II)/cobalt(III) oxide (Co 3 O 4) is reduced to the metal powder by carbon monoxide or hydrogen. The purity of the powder obtained is % with a particle size of approximately 4 µm, although the density and particle size of the final product depend on the reduction conditions and on the particle.

Redox preparation of mixed-valence cobalt manganese oxide nanostructured materials: highly efficient noble metal-free electrocatalysts for sensing hydrogen peroxide C. . Cobalt(II) oxide, also known as cobaltous oxide, is a chemical compound. Its chemical formula is CoO. It contains cobalt in its +2 oxidation state as an ion. It also contains oxide. It can be green or red crystals. It can also be a grey or brown powder. Preparation. Cobalt(II) chloride reacts with a base to get cobalt(II) hydroxide. Then the.   Pyrolysis of defined nitrogen-ligated cobalt acetate complexes onto a commercial carbon support transforms the complexes into heterogeneous Co3O4 materials. These reusable non-noble-metal. Electrochromism and Electrochromic Devices - by Paul Monk November

The spinel cobalt oxide Co 3 O 4, for example, can be obtained from hydroxide cobalt (II) previously deposited onto a conductive substrate (steel for example). Is enough a thermal oxidation in degrees in air atmosphere, for formation of Co 3 O 4. In the Co 3 O 4 oxide, the reversibility of both redox process (Co +2 /Co +3) (Eq. 4) and (Eq. For the technical preparation of cobalt, and its separation from nickel, see Nickel. The metal is chiefly used, as the oxide, for colouring glass and porcelain. Metallic cobalt may be obtained by reduction of the oxide or chloride in a current of hydrogen at a red heat, or . zinc oxide or cobalt oxide films originates from the properties of commonly employed metal precursors. Typically, oxides were synthesized from (I) alkoxides or partially alkoxylated metal chlorides (e.g., SiO 2, 23,24 TiO 2, 25,26 Al 2 O 3, 27 and ZrO 2 28,29), (II) preformed colloidal nanocrystals [e.g., TiO 2, 30 Mn 3 O 4, 31 MnFe 2 O 4, and. This is somewhat surprising and leads us to think that the simultaneous coexistence of cobalt metal and cobalt oxides induces synergy effect in the creation of active sites for ORR as also reported elsewhere.[[qv: 5h]], 20 We were not successful in our next attempt to remove Co metal from [email protected]‐NC by subjecting it to 12 m HCl for h at

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Additional Physical Format: Print version: Kalmus, Herbert T. (Herbert Thomas), Preparation of metallic cobalt by reduction of the oxide. An illustration of an open book. Books.

An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio An illustration of a " floppy disk. Preparation of metallic cobalt by reduction of the oxide [microform] Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This :   It is reported that the supported cobalt oxide may possess a main and a shoulder peak at – °C corresponding to the stepwise reduction of Co 3 O 4 particles to CoO and then to metallic Co on the support although the bulk Co 3 O 4 shows only a relatively broad peak around °C.Therefore, the peaks at and °C observed for the sample by the impregnation method Cited by: The electrochemical reduction of the transition elements to the metallic state takes place simultaneously with the formation of lithium oxide.

For cobalt oxides, the partial reversibility of the reduction process was ascribed to the nanosized Co particles dispersed in the Li 2 O matrix that were produced during reduction; Co particles possess.

The powder mixture in which Fe-Ni alloy particles of 20 nm were homogeneously dispersed on Al_2O_3 particle surfaces was prepared by hydrogen reduction of Al_2O_3 and metal oxide powders.

In situ X-ray diffraction was used to study the reduction of unsupported CoO, and Co3O4 under different conditions of time and temperature, and the effect of lanthanum, ruthenium, or zinc doping of γ-alumina on the reduction of supported cobalt oxide. The reduction of unsupported cobalt oxide (Co3O4) produced CoO, then hexagonal close-packed Co (Co(hcp)) and at temperatures above °C.

Cobalt ions, extracted from waste LiCoO 2 by using a nitric acid leaching solution, are potentiostatically transformed into cobalt hydroxide on a titanium electrode and cobalt oxide is then obtained via a dehydration procedure. In linear sweep voltammetry, distinct cathodic current peak is observed and indicates that hydroxide ions are formed near the electrode via the electroreduction of.

Cobalt oxide (Co3O4) and copper-doped cobalt oxide (CuxCo3-xO4) films have been prepared onto titanium support by the thermal decomposition method. The electrodes have been characterized by different techniques such as cyclic voltammetry, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).

The effect on the electrochemical and crystallographic. In ORR, O 2 is converted to either OH − or H 2 O based on the electrolyte (acidic or alkaline) used. ORR at the cathode surface proceeds mainly via two pathways. One is the “partial” two electron reduction pathway that results in the formation of adsorbed H 2 O 2 species.

And, the other is the “direct” four electron reduction or full reduction pathway. Preparation of metallic cobalt by reduction of the oxide book Transition metal carbides have received significant attention for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) applications primarily owing to their good conductivity.

However, cobalt carbide based catalysts (CoCx) are difficult to prepare, owing to the preferential formation of metallic cobalt and cobalt oxide instead. Also, cobalt carbide nanoparticles rapidly coarsen and undergo grain growth. The paper reports on reduction of cobalt oxide (Co3O4) to cobalt metal by low temperature hydrogen plasma.

Hydrogen flow rate was varied between × 10−6 to × 10−6 m3 s−1 at a. Two-dimensional (2D) materials have lately attracted significant attention, including nanosheets composed of metal oxide single crystallites that are typically prepared using a top-down synthesis method such as the exfoliation of layered metal oxides.

In the present study, nanofilms composed of polycrystallites of metal oxides such as TiO2, ZrO2, Nb2O5, SnO2, and Ta2O5 were prepared from. The reaction of cobalt oxide with methane was carried out in the temperature range °C to °C at atmospheric pressures with porous pellets prepared from cobalt oxide powder with a mean.

Synthesis of Iron Oxide, Cobalt oxide and Silver Nanoparticles by Different Techniques: A Review +Tahir Iqbal, +Ali Hassan* and Snobia Ghazal* By comparing the properties of Metallic nanoparticles and bulk preparation methods in the nuclear industry. Sol is a stable spreading of colloidal suspended.

Preparation of Cobalt metal. Janu Decem Inorganic Place cobalt oxide into a quartz tube and start dry hydrogen stream, heat the cobalt oxide, cobalt oxide will be reduced by hydrogen to cobalt metal and water.

Dry hydrogen can be made from sodium hydroxide and aluminum, passing the gas from sulfuric acid to make it dry. The paper reports on reduction of cobalt oxide (Co 3 O 4) to cobalt metal by low temperature hydrogen en flow rate was varied between × 10 −6 to × 10 −6 m 3 s −1 at a fixed microwave power of W which gave rise to increase in pressure from × 10 3 to × 10 3 Pa and increase in temperature of the plasma-cobalt oxide interface from to 1.

Example Valence Electrons in Transition Metals Review how to write electron configurations, covered in the chapter on electronic structure and periodic properties of elements.

Recall that for the transition and inner transition metals, it is necessary to remove the s electrons before the d or f electrons.

Then, for each ion, give the electron configuration. This review builds on earlier publications, [11][12][13][14] which provided a general overview of the reduction of metal oxides by HPs, [11] study of HP reduction of cobalt oxide [12] and copper.

The electrochemical reduction of well-defined γ-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles dispersed and stabilized in aqueous media which are appropriate for electrochemical techniques (analysis and preparation) is studied.

A medium, in which metallic iron can be formed and in which iron ions do not precipitate, is examined in detail ([citrate(NH 4) 3] = mol/L, NH 4 ClO 4 /NH 3 pH = ). Search SpringerLink. Search. Technical Article; Published: 28 December Cobalt-rare earth intermetallic compounds produced by calcium hydride reduction of oxides.

Cobalt (Co) is found with minerals containing a possible variety of elements (Ni, As, S, Fe, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Mn) as the oxide, sulfide or arsenide but is not found naturally occurring as the metal. Co is not mined directly but is produced as a byproduct (mostly from Ni and Cu mining) of mining operations in Africa, the former Soviet Union and.

Cobalt metal can be prepared by reducing cobalt(II) oxide with carbon monoxide. What concentration of CO remains in an equilibrium mixture with Step-by-step solution. Cobalt processing, preparation of the metal for use in various products.

Below °C ( °F), cobalt (Co) has a stable hexagonal close-packed crystal higher temperatures up to the melting point of 1, °C (2, °F), the stable form is face-centred cubic.

The metal has 12 radioactive isotopes, none of which occurs naturally. [Show full abstract] metal oxides, silicates, non-oxide ceramics, polymers, organics, carbon and biomolecules. Nanoparticles exist in many totally different morphologies like spheres, cylinders.

For the technical preparation of cobalt, and its separation from nickel, see Nickel. The metal is chiefly used, as the oxide, for colouring glass and porcelain. Metallic cobalt may be obtained by reduction of the oxide or chloride in a current of hydrogen at a red heat, or by heating the oxalate, under a layer of powdered glass.

In the borohydride reduction amorphous Co–B or Co oxide composites were obtained in which a detrimental effect on the magnetic properties was observed as compared to bulk Co. In contrast, using a NaH 2 PO 2 reduction method, well-ordered ferromagnetic cobalt nanocrystals were obtained in which the magnetic properties of the samples resemble.

For the bi-component cobalt-silicon mixed oxide, it was acknowledged in the recent studies that the preparation method could show an obvious effect on the type and dispersion of cobalt oxide species, and thus on the catalytic performance of the derived catalysts [].

For the traditional two-step method, silica was firstly prepared as a. Reduction of cobalto-cobaltic oxide to the metal takes place rapidly, and is quite complete at ° C. Between ° and ° C. the reaction is very interesting. At first some oxide is reduced to metallic cobalt; after a time the finely divided metal decomposes the carbon monoxide, depositing solid carbon, presumably in the same way as its.

Porous metal oxide support for the preparation of a single-metal atom catalyst can be also utilized and use for organic transformation, gas phase, and electrochemical applications.

Although porosity of metal oxide support is an issue, however two-dimensional metal oxides can be utilized for single-atom catalyst preparation [ 32 ]. The preparation of cobalt-platinum catalysts is almost identical to that of rhodium-platinum. The researchers merely substituted metal nitrates for chlorides.

While all catalysts containing less than 5-percent cobalt were found to be capable of reducing NOx to nitrogen and water vapor, the 2-percent cobalt catalyst performed best. Cobalt Oxide and Cobalt Carbonate. Cobalt is an extremely powerful colorant that almost always produces an intense blue.

Cobalt carbonate tends to be used more by potters because it has a finer particle size and is less intense. In glazes with a high magnesia content, very small amounts of cobalt can give a range from pink through blue violet.In this post we will see a book titled Practical Inorganic Chemistry by O.

J. Vorobyova, K. M. Dunaeva, E. A. Ippolitova, and N. S. Tamm and was edited by V. I. Spitsyn. Students using the present textbook will acquaint themselves with procedures of work in a modern laboratory.We report an in situ preparation of ultrasmall Co–Mn–O spinel nanoparticles ( nm) supported on non-oxidized carbon nanotubes (denoted as [email protected]) as a bifunctional catalyst for oxygen reduction and evolution reactions (ORR/OER).

The preparation process involves the oxidization of divalent metal ions unde Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers HOT articles for